Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart beat stops suddenly for some time. Every year, thousands of people suffer from cardiac arrest and not all are lucky enough to survive the fatal condition. Cardiac arrest can be prevented or one can at least avoid it by bringing a few changes in one’s daily life.
But one may ask, what is cardiac arrest? Cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not have diagnosed heart disease
According to Professor of Medicine/Cardiology at Babcock University, President and CEO of Tri State Cardiovascular Institute, and Chief, Division of Cardiac Catheterisation and Interventional Laboratory at University College Hospital in Ibadan, Prof Kamar Adeleke, Cardiac arrests affect more than 4,000,000 people globally on a yearly basis and is caused by the sudden stopping of the heart. Cardiovascular conditions, electrical disturbances in the circulatory system, abnormal rhythm of the heart and heart attacks can create the grounds for a cardiac arrest.
“The term ‘heart attack’ is often mistakenly used to describe cardiac arrest. While a heart attack may cause cardiac arrest and sudden death, the terms don’t mean the same thing. Heart attacks are caused by a blockage that stops blood flow to the heart. A heart attack (or myocardial infarction) refers to death of heart muscle tissue due to the loss of blood supply, not necessarily resulting in the death of the heart attack victim,” explained Prof Adeleke.
Prof Adeleke said Cardiac arrest is caused when the heart’s electrical system malfunctions. In cardiac arrest, death results when the heart suddenly stops working properly. This may be caused by abnormal, or irregular, heart rhythms , “Most of these deaths can be postponed if people ate healthier foods and quit smoking. Men develop it sooner than women. However, an increasing number of women are experiencing heart disease but they are not being diagnosed soon enough. Decades of progress in the United States on reducing cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking are being counteracted by rising obesity rates,” he explained.